With canola and wheat starting to ripen, farmers will begin cutting wheat at the end of next week. It is essential we keep next year’s crops in mind whether it is canola, Clearfield wheat or winter wheat.
Getting fields set up for planting next year begins with management of crop residue when you harvest. An even distribution of crop residue while harvesting is important for fields in which the next year crop will be planted by the no-till, min-till method especially when planting canola into stubble. Also, it is crucial to have soil testing done as the samples are needed to help produce an optimum crop yield.
Some of our farmers have already begun windrowing canola. Make sure you are harvesting at the right time. The optimum stage to swath canola is when 40-60% of the seeds have color change. When seeds in the bottom pods have turned color, seeds in the pods near the top of the main stem and on the side branches are green. However, these later formed seeds should be checked to ensure they are firm and will roll, not squash, when pressed between the thumb and forefinger.
If you have any questions, please contact our agronomy department.
Wheat and canola crops are starting to wind down. The majority of the canola fields have lost their flowers, which in return, we as farmers need to make sure we will be harvesting canola at the optimum time for the highest yield potential. The seed color change or (ripening), on the main stem needs to have 40-60% color change. From the bottom pods being black/brownish in color and the top pods being green but not mushy. We know some fields will not be harvested, so there are different ways we can address this situation either through burn down application or cultivation.
We have a few fields of Milo going in from El Reno to Okeene. If you are interested in any summer crops, please call one of our agronomy salesmen which can be found under the agronomist tab of the website. We will be glad to help you with any needs you may have.
Our wheat farmers have taken a double-whammy this year due to freezing temperatures and drought. With the unforgiving drought already sapping soil moisture across the north central region, combined with the polar vortex that covered our fields in a deep freeze, have left our farmers disheartened as they fear the land they have toiled will be unpromising.
We are seeing freeze damage throughout the majority of Kingfisher County as it was the area with the longest duration of freezing temperatures. Some fields display minor to no freeze damage; these fields comprise of wheat that is already headed or at boot stage. Greater damaging regions are in the low-lying draws where cold air tends to drain to and be trapped. For those specific higher risk regions, we are seeing approximately 20-60% damage.
There are few fields the freeze has severely injured. Our agronomists have seen significant damage to flag leaf and the head being suspect to freeze damage at stage Feekes 9. The yield potential is uncertain at this time.
Drought stress and freeze damage to a field Northeast of Kingfisher
Damage to flagleaf
Flagleaf is on the left, head is on the right
The head size varies due to freezing temperatures
The cold front and the freezing temperatures that were brought to the northwest area have us worried about the wheat and canola crops. As of right now, the data is not looking good for us. The critical temperature at boot stage for wheat is 28 degrees for a minimum of two hours. If we stay at or below that, we will have a possibility of damage to wheat which in return, could make the plant head go sterile which would result in blank heads.
It is also a concerning factor with how fast the temperature falls. A quicker drop will cause more damage, as water in plant cells freezes. The ice that forms will break the cell walls, causing worse damage. Damage to plant stems could affect the amount of moisture and nutrients that are distributed.
The canola crop, too, suffered damage from the late freeze. What the impact of the late freezes, combined with the prolonged drought, will remain to be seen. It will not be for another five or six days before we see any damages in the canola. As seen in last year’s canola, late freezes did do damage to the canola crop, although we did have moisture to allow it to sucker out. It will be interesting to see how the lack of moisture will affect the upcoming canola crop.
Read the OSU Freeze Update
We scouted wheat fields and found brown wheat mites. However, it’s not in all the fields; it’s very sporadic.
Today was an interesting day as it started as a sunny, beautiful day. Mother Nature put a twist on things and teased us with what seemed like, a promising break in the clouds. Jared and I were in Omega spraying foliar nutrient test plots when the sky opened, spit on us and abruptly left. We got a few neat pictures in the process though. After finishing the plots, we scouted wheat fields and found brown wheat mites. However, it’s not in all the fields; it’s very sporadic. Some fields we found have a higher pressure in bird cherry oat aphids and others, a higher pressure in wheat mites. We encourage you to be out checking your fields for these critters.